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Annotation author: Amanda Visconti
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looked coldly
Stephen and Mulligan are friends, yet there's a tension between them. Stephen is an aspiring writer, while Mulligan is a medical student who also writes (mostly humorous works, it seems; he's modeled on Joyce's acquaintance Oliver St. John Gogarty, an actual Irish poet). There's tension between the two over their acceptance into Dublin's literary circle, in part because Stephen sees Mulligan as betraying Ireland by playing to what the English want.